# Question:

How many points are there on the globe where, by walking one mile south, then one mile east and then one mile north, you would reach the place where you started?

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Solution: The trivial answer to this question is one point, namely, the North Pole. But if you think that answer should suffice, you might want to think again!

Let’s think this through methodically. If we consider the southern hemisphere, there is a ring near the South Pole that has a circumference of one mile. So what if we were standing at any point one mile north of this ring? If we walked one mile south, we would be in the ring. Then one mile east would bring us back to the same point on the ring (since it’s circumference is one mile). One mile north from that point would bring us back to the point where we started from. If we count, there would be an infinite number of points north of this one-mile ring.

So what’s our running total of possible points? We have 1 + infinite points. But we’re not done yet!

Consider a ring that is half a mile in circumference near the South Pole. Walking a mile along this ring would cause us to circle twice, but still, bring us to back to the point we started from. As a result, starting from a point that is one mile north of a half mile ring would also be valid. Similarly, for any positive integer n, there is a circle with radius

r = 1 / (2 * pi * n)

centered at the South Pole. Walking one mile along these rings would cause us to circle n times and return to the same point as we started. There are infinite possible values for n. Furthermore, there are infinite ways of determining a starting point that is one mile north of these n rings, thus giving us (infinity * infinity) possible points that satisfy the required condition.

So the real answer to this question is 1 + infinity * infinity = infinite possible points!